Image Above: "Jeu Gong and Kate Lum, 1918." Courtesy of Alvin Gee and the Lum Family.
"Although Gong Lum was argued before the Court decades ago, the case is still relevant today, because the same insensitivity that the Justices showed Martha Lum can be demonstrated again to other children in future Court decisions if we are not vigilant. We need to remember that the effects of racial discrimination on a human being living in the 1920s were just as painful as the suffering experienced by minorities in later decades, and it is this point that ties this case to later and future litigations regarding racial and ethnic disparities." -Martha Casas.
Student-Composed Words: 1198
Process Paper Words: 495
Audio-Visual Time: 3:03